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Title :Calcium ions are required for the enhanced thermal stability of the light-harvesting-reaction center core complex from thermophilic purple sulfur bacterium Thermochromatium tepidum
Authors :KIMURA, Yukihiro / YU, Long Jiang / HIRANO, Yu / SUZUKI, Hiroaki / WANG, Zheng Yu
Issue Date :2-Jan-2009
Abstract :Thermochromatium (Tch.) tepidum is a thermophilic purple sulfur photosynthetic bacterium collected from the Mammoth Hot Springs, Yellowstone National Park. A previous study showed that the lightharvesting- reaction center core complex (LH1- RC) purified from this bacterium is highly stable at room temperature [Suzuki et al., (2007) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1767, 1057-1063]. In this work, we demonstrate that thermal stability of the Tch. tepidum LH1-RC is much higher than that of its mesophilic counterparts and the enhanced thermal stability requires Ca2+ as a cofactor. Removal of the Ca2+ from Tch. tepidum LH1-RC resulted in a complex with the same degree of thermal stability to that of the LH1-RCs purified from mesophilic bacteria. The enhanced thermal stability can be restored by addition of Ca2+ to the Ca2+- depleted LH1-RC, and this process is fully reversible. Interchange of the thermal stability between the two forms is accompanied by a shift of the LH1 Qy transition between 915 nm for the native and 880 nm for the Ca2+- depleted LH1-RC. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements reveal that degradation temperature of the native LH1-RC is 15 °C higher and the enthalpy change is about 28% larger than the Ca2+-depleted LH1- RC. Substitution of the Ca2+ with other metal cations caused a decrease in thermal stability of extent depending on the properties of the cations. These results indicate that Ca2+ ions play a dual role in stabilizing the structure of the pigment-membrane protein complex and altering its spectroscopic properties, and hence provide insight into the adaptive strategy of this photosynthetic organism to survive in extreme environments using natural resources.
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
Publisher :American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/10109/1420
Citation :The Journal of Biological Chemistry no.284 p.93 -99
Appears in Collections:Article in academic journal (College of Science)

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