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Title :心身の難問に向かうものとしてのアリストテレス哲学の研究
Title alternative :A Study of Aristotle's Philosophy Relating to Various Phases of the Mind-Body Problem
Authors :渡辺, 邦夫
Authors alternative :WATANABE, Kunio
Issue Date :15-Jun-2018
Abstract :研究成果の概要(和文):アリストテレスの倫理学と心の哲学が心身関係論を回避せず積極的に荷担したことを示した。かれは徳の説明において感情の状況に応じた「量」にかかわる主張を提出し、状況に応じた直観的認知としての実践的知性から行動が起こると説明したと解釈した。意志の弱さの問題をめぐってもかれは心身因果にかかわる解明を遂行した。心の哲学ではアリストテレスが、欲求を補佐して行動を生む認知の問題に取り組み、行動における人間の認知を、規範という視点から考察しつつ、心身一元論を守ったと解釈した。またかれはスキルや知識や道徳性の学習成果が付帯的知覚としても知性認識としても現れると考えており、知性主義的で一元論的であったと解釈した。 研究成果の概要(英文):Aristotle is committed to the mind-body relationships both in his ethics and in his philosophy of mind. First, his explanation of the virtues of character employs the term ' intermediate' of feelings which should be taken in a quantitative manner, and in such a way as to reveal one's intellectual response to individual situations. Secondly, in his solution to the problem of incontinence, he acknowledges the existence of the mind-body relationship concerning objects of desire. Third, when he explains how animals are moved, his choice of the word 'intellect' for all the recognitions that contribute to animal movements mirrors his wish to focus on the normativity of such recognitions. However, this choice is consistent with his mild monism concerning mind and body. Finally, Aristotle sees 'accidental perceptions' from his wide perspective, which allows him to talk about skills, science and virtues as elements that have led one to an excellent accidental perception of the here and now.
Type Local :科研等報告書
Publisher :茨城大学
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/10109/13961
Appears in Collections:Grants-in-aid for scientific research Report (College of Humanities)

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